Changing a flat tyre

  • Park away from traffic and on a flat surface
  • Use your hazard lights and other warning devices as required by your local highway code (e.g. safety vest, emergency warning triangle) to ensure that you’re seen by oncoming traffic.
  • Place bracing material - like a piece of wood or brick - behind and in front of one of the tyres you’re not lifting, to prevent rolling and increase stability.
  • Find the spare tyre and jack. If you don’t know where they are, check the owner’s manual.
  • Line the jack up properly to make sure it’s in the right place to avoid damaging your car. Again, check your manual if you’re not sure where it should go. 
  • Begin to jack the car up while keeping pressure on the ground (without lifting the car up entirely).
  • Remove hubcaps or centre covers so that you can access the wheel bolts.
  • Turn the wheel bolts anti-clockwise to loosen them using the wheel spanner.
  • Finish jacking the car up so that you can slip the tyre off easily. Make sure the jack is stable first.
  • Put on the spare tyre and place the wheel bolts in the correct positions.
  • Tighten the wheel bolts a little with your wheel spanner, this time turning clockwise. TIP: Make sure the wheel bolts are tight, but don't use too much force. This may knock your car off of the jack.
  • Lower the jack fully until the car is back on all four wheels.
  • Properly tighten the wheel bolts with the spanner before driving. Make sure they’re as tight as you can get them.
  • Stop and check that the wheel bolts are still tight after driving for a few miles.