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Goodyear Commercial Tyres

EU tyre labelling

Everything you need to know about a tyre on a single label

The new EU tyre label is designed to help commercial vehicle operators make an informed choice when buying new tyres. By standardising on an agreed label format, purchasers can instantly see whether a tyre has the characteristics and performance they need. Find out more about EU tyre labelling in our FAQs below.

EU tyre label: Overview

The new EU tyre label is designed to help commercial vehicle operators make an informed choice when buying new tyres. From 1st November 2012, each new truck tyre in Europe will be accompanied by ratings for fuel efficiency, wet grip and noise emissions. Explore the links below to find out more.

Fuel Efficiency

A measure of the tyre’s rolling resistance, which has a direct impact on fuel consumption. Rated from A (highest rating) to F (lowest rating). 

Wet Grip

A measure of the tyre’s braking ability on wet roads. Rated from A (highest rating) to F (lowest rating).

Noise

A measure of the external noise generated by the tyre, in decibels. The black sound waves indicate the noise class of the tyre, from 1 (quiet) to 3 (loud).

FAQ

On 1st November 2012, the European Union introduced legislation to ensure that any truck tyre sold within the EU is accompanied by a tyre label. The label provides the customer with information regarding the tyre’s performance in the following categories: fuel efficiency, wet grip and exterior noise. The label information is clear and informative and represents the energy efficiency of the tyre, with ‘A’ being the highest performing and ‘G’ the lowest. Label values shown are for illustrative purposes only. Values for a certain tyre line/size may vary.

A rolling tyre deforms and dissipates energy, and is one of the resistive forces acting on a vehicle. The energy that is lost in this way is known as ‘rolling resistance’ and directly impacts on fuel consumption and the environment. With lower rolling resistance the tyre deformation requires less energy, less fuel and, in turn, less CO2 is emitted. 

 

On the tyre label an ‘A’ rating denotes the most fuel-efficient tyre, while ‘F’ denotes the least (Class G will not be used for truck tyres). Effects may vary according to the vehicle and driving conditions, but the difference between a complete set of new A-class and F-class tyres could reduce a truck’s fuel consumption by up to 15%.

Tyres with excellent grip in the wet have shorter braking distances on slippery roads, essential for safety. Effects may vary according to the vehicle, driving conditions and test method adopted. However, in the case of full braking, the difference in braking distance between A-class and F-class tyres could be up to 30%. For a typical truck driving at 80km/h, this equates to 25m. ‘A’-rated tyres have the shortest braking distance, while ‘F’ tyres have the longest (Class G will not be used for truck tyres).

A tyre’s exterior noise grading is expressed in decibels (dB) and accompanied by one, two or three sound waves on the label. One wave corresponds to the quietest tyre, three to the noisiest. In fact, three waves is the current limit, while two meets future laws and one is a further 3dBs below. The quieter the tyre, the more environmental-friendly it is.

From May 2021, Regulation (EU) 2020/740 applies, changing the way tyres are labelled. At Goodyear, we continuously develop technology to improve the performance of our products. Our scientists and engineers have worked closely with the European Institutions on the updated tyre label to both promote industry innovation and help consumers make more informed decisions about their tyres. The new EU tyre label will provide greater clarity on the many aspects of a tyre’s performance and additional new guidelines will make more detailed information available online – making it easier for consumers and professionals to make the right choice. The differences in the new label are:

 

7 levels reduced to 5: Fuel efficiency and wet grip are now rated just from A to E (previously A to G).

 

External rolling noise: Rated from A (lowest noise) to C (highest noise).

 

QR code: This can be scanned to give access to product details in the public part of the EU product database.

 

Tyre type identifier: Each tyre product must show a unique identifier.

 

Ice tyre: Only when applicable: tyre designated as "ice" tyre, using ISO standards for C1 tyres. No standards defined yet for C2 and C3 tyres.

Professional off-road tyres are specially designed to reach exceptional performances, which does not allow them to fulfil regulatory thresholds and significant grading levels.